For pioneering a new material application and technology without a road map, Guerrilla Gravity used Altair OptiStruct in the early design design phase. The result was the development of lightweight, high-performance bikes, that are 300% more impact resistant than other frames on the market that use traditional carbon fiber materials, at significant cost savings and shortened timelines.
Today, an e-motor cannot be developed just by looking at the motor as an isolated unit; tight requirements concerning the integration into both the complete electric or hybrid drivetrain system and perceived quality must be met. Multi-disciplinary and multiphysics optimization methodologies make it possible to design an e-motor for multiple, completely different design requirements simultaneously, thus avoiding a serial development strategy, where a larger number of design iterations are necessary to fulfill all requirements and unfavorable design compromises need to be accepted.
The project described in this paper is focused on multiphysics design of an e-motor for Porsche AG. Altair’s simulation-driven approach supports the development of e-motors using a series of optimization intensive phases building on each other. This technical paper offers insights on how the advanced drivetrain development team at Porsche AG, together with Altair, has approached the challenge of improving the total design balance in e-motor development.
Udi Meridor, Chief Innovation Officer at Israeli startup, City Transformer, talks about the thinking behind the design of this revolutionary design for urban transport. They have decided to rethink the future of the city car and create a cleaner world.
Czech company Duratec Ltd. develops handmade bike frames using both aluminium and composite materials. For a recent project at Duratec presenting the latest approach in development of carbon fiber optimization of the bike frame, Altair HyperWorks was used for model creation in Altair HyperMesh, optimized via the Altair OptiStruct code and evaluated in Altair HyperView in the development and optimization of a lightweight composite racing bike frame.
Israeli motorsport company Griiip has designed a new, fast and professional race car that combines efficiency in racing with a competitive purchase price and low running costs, to make it more affordable. By harnessing the power of data, Griiip has created the first smart connected race car – the G1 – and with it, an entirely new racing series. Accessing the software via Altair's new Startup Program, Griiip engineers employ several products from the Altair HyperWorks™ suite, among these Altair Radioss™ for crash simulation, Altair OptiStruct™ for structural optimization, general FE analysis as well as Altair HyperMesh™ and Altair HyperView™ for pre- and post-processing tasks in the development of race cars.
Sharda Motor Industries Limited (SMIL) is the market leader in the country in the manufacturing of exhaust systems, catalytic converters, independent suspension systems, seat frames, seat covers (two and four wheelers), soft top canopies, and stamped part for white goods products. Their state-of-the-art manufacturing facilities help them to continuously focus on new products, innovation, technology upgradation, and research & development. The facility seamlessly caters to various emission norms ranging from BS4, BS6, and Tier 4.
Tucked away in a remote location in the mountains, designed by ZHA, the Lushan primary school, when complete, will be an educational institute located 160 kilometers North-West of Nanchang, the capital of China’s Jiangxi province.
Brompton Bicycle discuss the benefits they have seen from moving away from simulation in their CAD system to a more powerful and flexible system from Altair.
SOGECLAIR aerospace, part of the SOGECLAIR S.A. group, is a major engineering partner and prime contractor for the aerospace industry. For the design of an aircraft access door, to leverage the full potential of the combined methods of additive manufacturing and casting, SOGECLAIR used the Altair HyperWorks software suite for the design and optimization of the door.
The National Composites Centre (NCC), in collaboration with the Manufacturing Technology Centre (MTC), Advanced Manufacturing Research Centre (AMRC) and University of Warwick (WMG) worked on a collaborative project to develop a Cross-Catapult technology demonstrator; the Mono-Ski or Sit-ski, a device for sports that uses adaptive equipment on mountain slopes, designed for individuals with lower extremity limitations. Composites were used extensively in the new Sit-ski design with the Altair HyperWorks™ suite being utilized throughout the development process.
Mabe is a Mexico-based international appliance company designing, producing and distributing a wide spectrum of home appliances such as washing machines, dryers, cooking ranges, refrigerators, air-conditioners, microwaves, etc. Altair technology has enabled Mabe to increase the capacity of their washing machines by 35%, and the spin speed by 24% while reducing the cost per cubic foot by 10%.
At the forefront of innovation at CEC Systems is the world’s first semi-automated Collapsible-Economic-Container. Achieving a 4:1 ratio, COLLAPSECON® enables 4 empty containers to be collapsed and combined to form a single container, improving operational efficiency, enhancing return on investment and reducing the impact on the environment. For the design for mass production and optimal operational use, the Altair HyperWorks Suite was leveraged to find solutions for weight reduction without increasing manufacturing costs. The newly engineered container is potentially 30% lighter than the original design, whilst reducing material requirements, increasing manufacturing efficiency, and reducing cost.
For a competition launched for the Museum of the 20th Century, Zaha Hadid Architects re-invented a similarly radical approach by applying new advances in technology to generate structural and architectural expression. With Altair’s assistance, they created a plug-in for their design tool, enabling topology optimization. Altair HyperMesh was used for finite element preprocessing mesh generation, with Altair HyperView providing post-processing and visualization solutions. Structural analysis solver Altair OptiStruct provided advanced analysis and optimization algorithms.
See how Altair's Software is used to get University of Michigan's solar car, Novum, to the next level to compete in the World Solar Challenge in Australia and the American Solar Challenge - crossing an entire continent in both cases just on the power of the sun alone.
Dr. Jan-Philipp Fuhr - Managing Partner, Cikoni talks about developing a methodology to analyze and predict composite matrix and fiber failure using Altair OptiStruct and Multiscale Designer resulting in improved accuracy and simulation efficiency of their simulations.
Photovoltaic specialist Thesan, a subsidiary of global manufacturer Savio S.p.A, manufactures, and distributes mounting structures, consisting of a so-called Purlin, a Rafter, and a Pole (and Hat), designed to withstand potentially occurring loads from wind and snow, as well as dead loads. Drawing on the Savio Group’s competence in the design of steel and aluminum structures and thanks to a team of over 40 engineers, they are to satisfy every construction requirement of photovoltaic power plants at all altitude and climatic conditions, using any specific fixation requirements. For a recent project requiring optimization of a mounting structure of a medium sized PV field with a power of 5 MW, engineers used HyperWorks. The benefits included reduced material usage, reduced manufacturing and transportation costs and improved competitiveness for Thesan.
The challenge in the development of Arcimoto’s SRK Generation 8; an all-electric, multi-purpose/utility commuter vehicle, included creation of an optimized platform that offers 3-wheeled stability, a space frame enclosure for protection, and a rear swing arm that handles the load requirements and also follows the visual design of the vehicle. HyperMesh® provided an environment for rapid model generation allowing Arcimoto to answer queries by helping them perform the analysis in OptiStruct® in an easy, time efficient manner. Using RADIOSS® for the physics helped them achieve repeatable and accurate results, reduce simulation cycle times and allow for evaluating multiple design scenarios thus enabling better decisions.
Inspired by zooplankton Radiolaria, artist and architect IL Hoon Roh began creating series of objects known as “Radiolara Experiment” which, through extensive experimentation and collaboration with Altair, ultimately led to the creation of the sophisticated Table Ex-08.
Automotive suppliers are facing many challenges in having in-house simulation capabilities compared to that of OEM’s. One of the ways to overcome these challenges is to invest in simulation technologies that require an affordable initial investment, the ownership cost of which is low, the codes are reliable & proven, and the suite of tools provide suppliers access to a broad range of solvers (a true multi-physics environment) helping them pick and choose the solvers as per their simulation requirements. In the early stage of in-house simulation implementation at Endurance Technologies, HyperWorks was being adopted primarily for pre and post processing due to its extraordinary FE modeling solutions. With constant support, Altair team has helped Endurance in exploring and implementing various HyperWorks solvers at Endurance Technologies.
Kampmann GmbH is an internationally leading specialist for heating, cooling, air-conditioning and integrated building automation. Within their virtual development process they are using the Altair HyperWorks® software suite, in particular AcuSolve®, the CFD solver; OptiStruct®, the suite's FE-solver and an optimization tool; and HyperMesh® for modeling and meshing tasks. For plant control design, Kampmann is currently considering solidThinking Activate®, a mapping software for control systems. Thanks to simulation, Kampmann engineers are now able to answer questions regarding the internal processes of the system, which are difficult, if not impossible, to study through physical testing.
Toolmaking is usually characterized by cost-intensive, custom made, single-unit production. To create innovative tools, the industry increasingly relies on new manufacturing methods such as 3D printing. To meet market demand, PROTIQ GmbH, a spinoff from Phoenix Contact needed to increase productivity through more efficient injection mold tools. The Altair solution included development of optimized tools using simulation, optimization and additive manufacturing (model setup with HyperMesh, topology optimization and FE analysis with OptiStruct, CFD analysis with AcuSolve and refinement with solidThinking Evolve. The benefits included increased productivity due to shorter production cycles, weight reduction of 75%, shortened development time and production costs reduced by 25%.
In the development of new vehicles, the PSA Group aimed to detect Squeak and Rattle (S&R) problems before availability of physical testing. This led to a collaboration between PSA’s method development engineering team and Altair’s domain experts.
Subros is the leading manufacturer of thermal products for automotive applications in India and operates in technical collaboration with Denso. Being a major supplier of AC units to the predominant automotive segments and all classes of vehicles produced by global players in the country, it is very important for Subros to honor deadlines of product delivery with agreed benchmarks of quality. The Subros team has used Altair solutions such HyperMesh for FE modeling, RADIOSS and OptiStruct for structural analysis, AcuSolve for flow analysis, and solidThinking Inspire for Modal Analysis
As Manufacturers of Automotive Components such as Chassis and Brakes, Mando Softtech India has to ensure that they maintain highest performance and quality standards of the products they develop. Implementation of Altair HyperWorks solutions has helped them considerably reduce their product development time and costs, while augmenting product quality. Their overall development time was reduced by up to 30 to 40%.
The International Centre for Automotive Technology (ICAT) is an automotive testing and R&D centre. In their pursuit to carve a niche as a one-stop solution for the automotive industry’s needs in the areas of product design, testing and validation, the ICAT team required a very advanced suite of software solutions. They needed a software suite that would save them time, money and also help in all phases of product development. The Altair software suite has greatly helped the team in providing timely and appropriate solutions to their clients.
Vortex Bladeless engineers created prototypes of this innovative wind turbine a couple of years ago. To reduce development time and cost, they turned to finite-element analysis (FEA) and computational fluid dynamics (CFD) solutions to hone their designs and product development process. Computational modeling helps to confirm that an innovative design for a bladeless wind turbine will fly.
Australian company relies on virtual tools to test the roll cage structures that keep motorsports drivers safe.
For the Shell Eco-marathon, an international contest for sustainable mobility, student teams from schools and universities all over the world design vehicles that are as energy-efficient as possible. After passing a technical check, the vehicles compete for energy efficiency. In this discipline the vehicles are evaluated for the vehicle’s reach per kWh. To compete in this category, a driver with a minimum weight of 50 kg has to drive a distance of 17.9 km in less than 43 minutes. The challenge for the TUfast Eco team was breaking the world record for efficient vehicles and participation in the Shell Eco-marathon. The Altair solution included topology optimization with HyperWorks.
The mobile devices industry is fiercely competitive and companies are continuously being challenged to push the boundaries of their hardware design. With shorter design cycles and narrowing cost margins there has been greater emphasis on virtual testing using computer simulation. At Samsung Research Institute - Bangalore (largest R&D center for Samsung electronics outside Korea) Altair OptiStruct was used for shape and topology optimization to arrive at a detailed definition of a smartphone front and rear housing.
The challenge was to investigate the potential offered by the symbiosis of topology optimization and additive manufacturing for architectural projects. The Altair solution included the use of the HyperWorks suite, especially OptiStruct for optimization tasks. The benefits were reduced construction time and costs due to decreased material usage while receiving better and more esthetic results.
HyperWorks used by leading Indian manufacturer of seating systems Harita, for homologation testing, regulations and crash analysis for all commercial vehicle seats, bus passenger seats and tractor & off-road seats
The Airbus APWorks Light Rider is the world's first 3D printed motorcycle prototype. Altair OptiStruct® was used for inspiration of its organic structure. Using additive manufacturing, a simulation-driven design process approach and topology optimization during the process achieved optimum lightweight design.
The project focused on the design and construction of a skiff, a particular kind of sail boat, within the given regatta regulation. With its modeling and calculation tools, HyperWorks helped the team to significantly reduce weight while increasing stiffness, while saving time and costs.
Altair's HyperWorks Suite provided the pre-processing, optimization and FE-solving tools to help create a new bowsprit design that was 34kg lighter than the previous model
China Euro Vehicle Technology (CEVT) discuss the application of Multi-disciplinary Optimization (MDO) during the development of new automotive vehicle architectures.
During the development of a new carbon fiber bicycle, the design team at Sweden based Rolo Bikes, wanted to develop a frame which exhibited world leading strength and stiffness attributes while keeping weight to an absolute minimum. The team required an efficient process to design the frame and test it in a virtual world against the industry’s safety and performance standards.
HyperWorks and the Altair Partner Alliance Streamline Development Process of Optical Satellite Components at OHB System AG.
Despite its skeletal appearance, the Light Rider is an extremely strong yet lightweight electric motorcycle designed by Airbus subsidiary APWorks as a showcase of what’s possible when OptiStruct's topology optimisation is coupled with metallic 3D printing. Written by Tanya Weaver from DEVELOP3D.
A simulation driven approach was taken using solidThinking Inspire for topology optimization, Evolve for shape refinements and HyperWorks for FE analysis for the optimization of an existing component design to be manufactured with casting/AM technologies
Exploring design variants with OptiStruct's FE-based topology optimization to generate a free-form exoskeleton structure
Harald Hasselblad (PhD) - Senior Analysis Engineer at Volvo Car Group Sweden - talks about introducing an Optimization Culture Arena to support simulation driven development in his company.
Create modern, functional, stiff, and light architectural designs. Altair OptiStruct used to create feasible designs
Developing a Fully Customizable, Additively Manufactured Mountain Bike
Wilson Labs, the innovation hub at Wilson Sporting Goods, leveraged OptiStruct and Altair ProductDesign for composites finite element analysis to reduce design cycle time and enhance product value.
Reprint of the article published on Metal AM - vol. 2 no. 1 Spring 2016
Companies from across a wide range of industries are attempting to find the potential impact that additive manufacturing (AM) could have on design and manufacturing processes. During its own efforts to explore AM and its potential for space satellite development programs, Thales Alenia Space Spain wanted to conduct a research project to see how optimization techniques could be used in conjunction with new manufacturing technology. The primary objective of the study was to use design optimization techniques to reduce the thermal compliance of a satellite’s aluminium filter bracket, while also optimizing the component for weight and readying the final design for the additive manufacturing process.
Not every component or product is suitable for 3D printing, depending on its size, form and design as well as the quantity needed. A valve block is very suitable for 3D printing and has a high potential for improvement in weight, performance, and design freedom when additively manufactured.
As part of a senior design project – the design and analysis of a coaxial rotor craft – Christopher Van Damme, at the time of the project senior undergraduate student within the department of Engineering Mechanics at the University of Wisconsin-Madison, had to analyze a composite made helicopter rotor blade. In his analysis he had to employ Computer-Aided Engineering tools to cover the required studies regarding static, modal, frequency response, and dynamic analysis of the rotor.
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